Periodontology (commonly known as gum disease)is an inflammation of the tissues supporting the structure of the teeth, called periodontium. It is caused by accumulation of dental plaque, incorrect oral hygiene and untreated gingivitis, when bacteria penetrate inside the tissues and provoke an inflammation that leads to deterioration of those same tissues, until their destruction. The tooth, no longer supported by the bone tissue, starts moving. Without prompt treatment, tooth loss is inevitable, not mentioning several other diseases that may subsequently intervene, such as infections at sites distant from oral infection and cardiovascular diseases. For this reason, periodontitis must be treated with extreme care and patient’s commitment.
Periodontitis is often asymptomatic, and the capacity of each individual of fighting the bacteria that cause it may vary significantly, so genetic susceptibility test for adult periodontitis must be run, and the composition of the flora should be also considered.
Studio Deponte performs specific genetic and biological testing and microscopy analysis of bacteria, since these tests are essential not only to detect, but also to monitor the disease (or, in some cases, its remission) when it has already been identified.
It must be remembered that periodontitis can be treated and kept under control, with the elimination of the infectious process and additional treatments when necessary, with the imperative of a thorough personal dental care, so the symptoms of the disease are less likely to return after a first treatment.